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Programme 1

Discourse/Language Dynamics (Supervisor : Sophie Sarrazin)

10 mai 2016

Participants : J. Bres, S. Diwersy, C Gomila, C. Le Bellec, G. Luxardo, A. Nowakowska, S. Sarrazin, A. Steuckardt.

PhD students : Hacene Bellemouche, Beatrice Dal Bo, Ivana Didirkova, Milana Dodic, Karima Manel Ghazali.

Scientific direction

This programme aims to propose a conceptualisation of the processes by which innovative discursive phenomena are stabilised in language, notably through different mediations such as textuality types, discourse genres, and more broadly, discursive traditions. It is a matter of detecting and defining the different parameters that come into play in the phenomena of linguistic changes, according to diachronic variations which range from short (emergence, obsolescence) to medium or long (grammaticalisation, lexicalisation). This issue will be developed around three main subjects :

Research in progress

• Phenomena of Grammaticalisation
Initiated in the previous research cycle (« grammaticalisation of itive and ventive verb forms in French and some Romantic languages » Supervisor : J. Bres), the investigation of this issue will be elaborated and extended : we will analyse, for example, the speaker’s selection between the present conditional tense (partirait) and the itive periphrasis in the imperfect tense (allait partir) from a comparative perspective,

• Emergence of New Uses
Initiated in the previous research cycle, the examination of emergence will be continued. As part of a collaboration with the STIH group (Paris Sorbonne), we will analyse the phenomenon of the emergence of modal expressions (on va dire, j’avoue...), their instability, and their conceptualisation. In partnership with researchers specialising in other disciplines, this study will tackle, more specifically, the case of the diffusion of terms/lexical items derived from socio-political or scientific domains, according to which we will seek to infer a model of the diffusion of the specialised terminology in general language.

• Epi- and Meta-linguistic Discourse
In continuing the work on the grammatical notions and terms undertaken in the previous research cycle (judgment of the ear, dialogism), we will make use of the corpora that form epi- and meta-linguistic discourses, observed on a medium or long diachronic variation. Firstly, they are used here to estimate the diffusion of meta-grammatical innovations (such as the notions of modal construction, the denominations of verbal tenses or the notion of discursive particles in didactic discourses) or meta-lexical innovations (such as the notion of borrowing). Secondly, they are used, in connection with the study of emergence, as indicators of the diffusion of a linguistic innovation in general language.